Module 4: Discussing Tests, Diagnosis and Prognosis

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In this Module 4, you will

  1. Explain provisional and differential diagnoses
  2. Describe test purpose and procedure
  3. Discuss treatments available and their effects
  4. Inform, reassure and warn about outcomes

Vocabulary overview:

  • kinds of tests
  • test equipment
  • common verbs in medical procedures

Grammar overview:

  • verb+noun collocations
  • simple future (will / going to)
  • active and passive voice
  • conditional 0 and 1
  • conditionals with modal verb

Speaking Practice – Very Important Speaking Patterns

Speaking Aloud Groups Of Words That Are Commonly Used Together (sometimes called collocations) helps you speak more smoothly and naturally, and builds your communication skills more quickly.

EXAMPLES of common collocations:

rule out diabetes (an illness)
sounds like an allergy (a diagnosis)
pretty sure of the diagnosis
suggests that you have (+ diagnosis)

Throughout this module, these groups of words (or collocations) are often underlined.

English speakers also TIE WORDS TOGETHER so the end of one word runs into the start of the next.


  • rule out = rul’out
  • sounds likes = souns’like

Practice by SAYING THESE GROUPS OF WORDS ALOUD, running the words together until they flow as smoothly and naturally as one expression. This helps condition you to speak more fluently.


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