GRAMMAR Exercise B Present Perfect Progressive Tense [B1+]

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

English verb tenses give important information about

  • timeline 
  • if something is over or still happening , and even…
  • how often it happens!
  • links between events

This is very important in understanding relevant patient background and current complaints.

All English verbs have

  • an infinitive form
  • a simple present or first form,
  • a simple past or second form
  • a perfect or third form.

We use present perfect progressive for

  • events that started in the past and are still going on

have/has + been + main verb-ing


Present perfect progressive sentences

1. Positive sentences 

  • She’s (She has) been complaining about nausea for weeks.
  • I’ve (I have) been having episodes of diarrhea and constipation since Monday.
  • I’ve been thinking about having a hernia operation.

2. Negative sentences

Here, ‘not’ comes after ‘have’ or ‘has’

  • She’s (She has) not been complaining about headaches recently.
  • I’ve (I have) not been having anymore diarrhea.

Present perfect progressive questions

1. Positive sentences

We only use the helping verbs have and been.

The word order changes.

have OR has + (person/place/thing) + been + …-ing …?

  • Have the stomach pains been getting better?
  • Has the occupational therapist been helping you at home?
  • Have we been giving you enough support?

2. Negative sentences

Here, ‘not’ comes after ‘have’ or ‘has’

  • So why haven’t you been taking the medication?
  • Why hasn’t she been getting out and about more?

Present perfect progressive w-questions (who, what, when, where, why, which, how)

In w-questions, the w-word goes before the ‘have’ or ‘has’.

  • Who has been managing your IBS up until now?
  • What have you been taking for the pain and diarrhea?
  • How has your elderly mother been managing at home alone?

SPEAKING EXERCISE B

Practice repeating ALOUD each example sentence in the lesson above. Focus on the common collocations, RUNNING THEM TOGETHER until they flow as ONE EXPRESSION.  The collocations are underlined.


GRAMMAR EXERCISE B

Present perfect progressive

Instructions: Choose the correct option.

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