GRAMMAR Lesson H [B2-]


After taking a history comes the physical examination.

Before you examine a patient, you should

  • explain what body part you wish to examine
  • mention why (if needed)
  • ask them to remove only the necessary clothes

During the examination you should

  • give instructions and
  • confirm they are as comfortable as is possible

There are different ways to do these things politely:

a) Please

  • Remove your shirt and sit on the bed, please.”
  • Please remove your shirt and sit on the bed.”

b) would, could, may

  • Could you turn your head and cough?
  • Would you take a big breath in then blow out as hard as you can?”
  • May I ask you to push hard on my hand?
  • How may I address you? OR What name may I call you?

Sometimes, we combine:

  • Could you please lift your leg straight up?
  • Would you lower it again, please?

c) Statements that are actually requests. Sometimes we use the word ‘just’, or add the tag “okay” at the end … but we don’t expect the patient to say no!

  • I just need to take a look at your abdomen.
  • I’ll now press a little harder. Okay?
  • Is it okay if I push down your underwear and examine your lower tummy?


Practice repeating ALOUD each example sentence in the lesson above. Focus on the common collocations, RUNNING THEM TOGETHER until they flow as ONE EXPRESSION.  The collocations are underlined.



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