EDUCATING THE PATIENT
Discussing conditional situations
Patients will ask about possible outcomes. You can tell them what always happens or you can predict possible different scenarios.
Conditional 0 – What ALWAYS happens
If one event always leads to another, we use:
if + noun + present tense, …noun + present tense
- If you have a stroke, you lose control of part of your body.
- If you have hypertension, you have a higher risk of stroke.
OR switch the two parts:
- You have a higher risk of stroke if you have hypertension.
We also use “When” for these ‘always’ situations:
- WHEN you have hypertension, you have a higher risk of stroke.
- You lose control of part of your body WHEN you have a stroke.
Conditional 1 – PREDICT different possible scenarios
You can tell patients what will happen in a specific situation with:
if + noun + present tense, …noun + will + infinitive
- If you get early and regular physiotherapy, it will improve your recover.
- You won’t recover as effectively if you don’t do your exercises daily.
Conditional 0 situations with other modal verbs
You can also tell patients about what else is possible or likely to happen.
- If you have problems with transportation, we can arrange home visits.
- If your care is consistent, you could get back to normal activity in time.
- Your loss of function may remain if you aren’t consistent with therapy.
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