Reading Lesson K [B2]


Discussing conditional situations

Patients will ask about possible outcomes. You can tell them what always happens or you can predict possible different scenarios.


Conditional 0 – What ALWAYS happens

If one event always leads to another, we use:

if  + noun + present tense, …noun + present tense

  • If you have a stroke, you lose control of part of your body.
  • If you have hypertension, you have a higher risk of stroke.

OR switch the two parts:

  • You have a higher risk of stroke if you have hypertension.

We also use “When” for these ‘always’ situations:

  • WHEN you have hypertension, you have a higher risk of stroke.
  • You lose control of part of your body WHEN you have a stroke.

Conditional 1 – PREDICT different possible scenarios

You can tell patients what will happen in a specific situation with:

if + noun + present tense, …noun + will + infinitive

  • If you get early and regular physiotherapy, it will improve your recover.
  • You won’t recover as effectively if you don’t do your exercises daily.

Conditional 0 situations with other modal verbs

You can also tell patients about what else is possible or likely to happen.

  • If you have problems with transportation, we can arrange home visits.
  • If your care is consistent, you could get back to normal activity in time.
  • Your loss of function may remain if you aren’t consistent with therapy.


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